Growing in importance
Alternative investments account for around 34% of the AP3 portfolio. They consist of private equity funds, real estate, infrastructure assets, timberland and insurance-related investments.
Alternative investments are the part of the AP3 investment model that has grown fastest in the last 15 years through allocations of assets from listed equities and fixed income instruments. Several factors are driving this trend, which is mirrored by many long-term investors at global level.
As of 12/31/2022
Learn more about AP3’s alternative investments
Alternative investments in the AP3 portfolio as of 12/31/2022
|Private equity funds||7.4|
—”Alternative investments are well suited to create value based on AP3’s distinctive features. The illiquid aspect means that long-term investors can fully exploit the potential of investments such as real estate, infrastructure and timberland. For example, long-term investors have the opportunity to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities that may arise during times of stressed market conditions, times when other investors cannot be as competitive as AP3.”
Maria Björklund, Head of Alternative Investments, AP3
Did you know…?
Alternative investments for AP3 are not only unlisted. Today, there are mainly two exceptions to the rule that alternative investments are unlisted; the listed property company Sagax and within the asset class insurance-related investments.
Alternative investments are growing with new regulations
The mission of the AP funds is to make the greatest possible benefit for the income pension system by generating a high financial return in the long term. When the AP funds Act was revised, a change was made in the regulations for how the buffer capital can be invested, which meant increased opportunities to invest in unlisted assets. The main rule since the start in 2001 has been that the capital must be invested in above all listed assets and the proportion of liquid bond holdings must be high, at least 30 percent of the capital in bonds with low credit risk. With the revision of the AP Funds Act, 20 percent of the capital must be invested in liquid bonds with low credit risk, while 40 percent of the assets can be invested in illiquid assets. The AP funds may own unlisted shares via venture capital companies or through co-investment with venture capital companies, where the voting share in venture capital companies may amount to a maximum of 35%. Unlisted real estate companies are allowed to own a larger share of the AP funds. Investments in unlisted credits are made possible through a change in the AP Funds Act, via external managers or side investments with venture capital funds in which the fund is invested.
The investments that AP3 has in real estate, infrastructure, forestry and unlisted companies via venture capital funds or companies are included in illiquid assets.
More about AP3
Real estate investments
Investing in real estate offers potential for relatively stable returns and a degree of protection towards inflation. As an illiquid asset tailored to specific operating activities, property offers a risk premium to investors a higher potential return. […]
Within infrastructure, AP3 invests in listed and unlisted funds as well as through direct investments. Infrastructure investments fit well with AP3’s long-term mission. […]
Private Equity is the name for investments in the share capital of companies that are not listed on a stock market. AP3 invests in private equity through investments in specialised private equity funds. […]