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Alternative investments

Growing in importance

Alternative investments account for 34.1% of the AP3 portfolio. They consist of private equity funds, real estate, infrastructure assets, timberland and insurance risk.

Alternative investments are the part of the AP3 investment model that has grown fastest in the last 15 years through allocations of assets from listed equities and fixed income instruments. Several factors are driving this trend, which is mirrored by many long-term investors at global level.

As of 06/30/2022

Alternative investments 34.1 percent of the portfolio
Return +8.4%
Contribution +2.6%

Learn more about AP3’s alternative investments

Real estate


Private equity


Insurance-related investments

Alternative investments in the AP3 portfolio as of 12/31/2021

Private equity funds 5.9
Real estate 16.0
Infrastructure 3.9
Timberland 2.3
Insurance risk 0.7

Alternative investments are well suited to creating value as they leverage AP3’s specifics as an investor. Only long-term investors can fully harness the potential of investments in assets such as real estate, infrastructure and timberland. Long-term investors are also best placed to exploit the attractive investment opportunities that can arise during times of market stress, when other investors are less competitive relative to an investor like AP3.

Maria Björklund, Head of Alternative Investments at AP3

Did you know…?

Some of these investments are listed holdings. They are long-term and create value that is typically unavailable in the equity market. They are also not suitable for all types of investor.

Alternative investments are growing with new regulations

A new set of rules in 2019, which emphasizes the AP funds’ central role as responsible investors. The AP Fund Act is clear that the task is to make the greatest possible benefit for the income pension system by generating a high financial return in the long term. An important structural change in the regulations is how the buffer capital can be invested. The main rule since the start in 2001 has been that capital must be invested in listed assets and have a high proportion of liquid bond holdings. At least 30 percent of the capital has therefore been intended for liquid bonds with low credit risk.

The regulations have been changed so that 20 percent of the capital is to be invested in liquid bonds with low credit risk, while 40 percent of the assets can be invested in illiquid assets. The investments that the AP funds have in real estate, infrastructure, forests and unlisted companies via venture capital companies are included in illiquid assets.

In the spring of 2020, further changes were made to the regulations. The AP funds may own unlisted shares via venture capital companies or through co-investment with venture capital companies. The AP funds may also own unlisted real estate companies. A fund’s voting share in venture capital companies may not exceed 35%.

With the new regulations, investments in unlisted credits are made possible, via external managers through side investments with venture capital funds in which the fund is invested. The AP funds may also not continue to invest in commodities or derivatives with commodities as the underlying asset.