Fixed income and currencies
To manage risk and spur green transition
The fixed income and FX team at AP3 manages the Fund’s fixed income investments, which are subdivided into government, inflation-linked and corporate securities. The team is also responsible for currency management, including hedging, active currency risk-taking and the treasury function.
Fixed income investments
AP3 manages the bond portfolio internally and actively. A large portion of the investments are liquid, which is a prerequisite for active fixed income management. The current low interest rate environment means that expected returns are very low, making it even more important to invest cost-efficiently.
Green bonds – good progress towards target
AP3 is among the pioneers of the green bond market, having made its initial investment in 2008 in the first green bond issued by the World Bank. The Fund’s green bond holdings have steadily grown since then. AP3 has a goal of raising green bond holdings to SEK 30 billion by 2025 because these instruments are an effective way to mitigate climate change while offering a satisfactory return in a bond market context. Green bonds are a financial instrument whose capital is used to fund environmental projects, an investment model that directly impacts the borrower’s activities.
The ability to attract capital by issuing green bonds also has an effect on the issuer’s focus and commitment to environmental issues. AP3 has created a diversified portfolio of green bonds invested. Each green investment is verified by the sustainability team that is separate from the fixed income team in order to ensure that the green bonds really are green. AP3 has also contributed to the development of the green bond market through its real estate companies Vasakronan and Hemsö, which issue green bonds to raise finance. In 2013, Vasakronan became the first company in the world to issue a green bond.
The bond portfolio allocation, % (of which sustainable bonds 21%) as of December 31, 2023
Fast growth in the green bond portfolio since 2008, SEK bn
The currency asset class relates to AP3’s net income from currency exposure after hedging against changes in currency values relative to the Swedish krona and from direct currency strategies. Currency positions are taken to increase returns and to reduce risk in the overall portfolio.